Remedial massage derives from traditional massage therapy
first used by ancient Egyptian, Greek and Far Eastern civilisations. Hippocrates, said to be the father of medicine, noted the benefits of "rubbing" on the human body in 460BC. Remedial massage uses the techniques of Swedish massage developed in the 18th century by Swedish physician Per Henrik Ling.
Remedial massage incorporates deep tissue massage and sports massage methods. Deep tissue massage
was developed in 1940 by Therese Pfrimmer, a Canadian physiotherapist. Pfrimmer began her own 'deep tissue therapy' after suffering paralysis in her legs and published a book on the subject titled "Muscles - Your Invisible Bonds". Sports massage
techniques were first used in the 1924 Olympics by a Finnish athlete and have been used ever since for sports performance, endurance and recovery from sports injury
Remedial massage also utilises manual therapy practices of osteopathy
. Manipulation of the body's structure to improve mobility and reduce circulation problems
was developed by physicians and specialist nurses during the 19th century and are an essential part of primary healthcare today.