Many ligament sprains and ligament tears occur as a result of physical activity and in particular sporting activities. Physical contact, sudden movement or poor posture and technique can result in a ligament injury.
Ligament sprains and ligament tears to the ankle for example are as a result of rolling over the outside of the foot. As the weight of the body places excessive downward pressure on the outer ligament, a sprain or tear can occur.
Falling or landing awkwardly can result in a ligament sprain or tear as can over-reaching for an object or a sudden change in direction. The chances of suffering a ligament sprain or ligament strain are increased by a number of factors.
Lack of condition - If you don't regularly exercise the joints and muscles they are likely to have poor flexibility and increase your chances of damaging the ligaments.
Bad technique - This is especially true with sport which requires good weight distribution during movement. However, walking, running and jumping with bad technique is likely to increase the risk of an injury.
Tiredness / Fatigue - Muscles that are weak or tired will not give the joints in the body proper support. Feeling tired will also affect co-ordination and judgement which increases the chances of stretching or over-reaching the joints.
Lack of pre-exercise routine - Before any form of physical activity, you should ensure the muscles are warmed up to increase the range of movement in the body and joints.