Learn About Ailments | Diabetes


Diabetes Mellitus comes from the Greek word 'diabetes' & means 'siphon' or pass through & 'mellitus means 'honeyed'. This harks back to ancient times where it was first recognised as an ailment associated with 'sweet urine' & excessive muscle loss.

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Diabetes is the name for a number of metabolic diseases which are characterised by high blood sugar levels caused by a deficiency of the insulin secretion, creation - or both of these.


Increased blood levels of sugar levels (or glucose) lead to it being secreted in the patient's urine. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body's cells & insulin stimulates these cells to absorb the glucose they need from the blood.


Usually blood sugar levels are maintained in balance by the body's insulin which is a hormone created by the pancreas. When sugar levels rise due to eating for example, insulin is released from the pancreas to return the balance to normal levels. However a patient who suffers from diabetes is unable to naturally produce sufficient levels of insulin thus leading to increased blood sugar levels or hypoglycaemia.


There are two types of diabetes:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes - Starts in early childhood or early stages of adult hood.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes - This typically begins in people aged 40 +.

Whilst there is no cure for Diabetes 1 the symptoms can be removed by sticking to a balanced & healthy diet with a strict control on the amount of sugar contained within it. In addition the patient must take regular injections of insulin to replace the amount, which the body is not producing.


Insulin cannot be taken orally as the stomach's acids & enzymes destroy it before the body is able to absorb it into its blood stream hence the reason for injection. However new medical developments should see sufferers able to have a small device inserted under the skin, which will deliver insulin as & when, required.


Acanthosis Nigricans
Acute Diabetes
Adult Onset Diabetes
Alpha Cell
Basal Rate
Beta Cell
Blood Glucose Level
Brittle Diabetes
Connecting Peptide
Cardiometabolic Risk Factors
Diabetes Control
Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Diarrhoea
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Diabetic Myelopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy
Dupuytrens Contracture
Fractional Urine
Gestational Diabetes
Glucose Tolerance Test
Glucose Toxicity
Insulin Reaction
Insulin Resistance


Labile Diabetes
Liver Activation Treatment
Mauriac syndrome
Regular Insulin
Renal Threshold
Spot Test
Unstable Diabetes
Urine Test
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes

Therapies to consider
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Herbal Medicine Naturopathy Nutrition


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